LUCHINSKY ALEXANDER ALEXANDROVICH
lieutenant general a participant in World War IIHero of the Soviet Union (04.19.1945)
Born March 23, 1900 in Kiyev in the family of an officer of the Russian Imperial Army. Since 1912 he studied at the Volsky Cadet Corps, where he graduated from 7 classes. 1918 passed the exam for the course of the school in Saratov. Since 1918 he studied at the University of Saratov and worked in the warehouses of the consumer union in Saratov. In May 1919 he was drafted into the Red Army.
In August 1941, the division under his command participated in the Iranian operation. Acting from the Ashgabat region, the division occupied the city of Mashhad and completely disarmed the 8th Eastern Iranian Division. In November 1942, at the head of the same division, he arrived on the Zacaucasian Front. As part of this and the North Caucasian fronts, he participated in the defensive and offensive stages of the battle for the Caucasus. In the autumn of 1942, as part of the 18th army, he distinguished himself in the Tuapse defensive operation, and in early 1943, as part of the 56th army, he successfully attacked in the Krasnodar direction. In January-February 1943 alone, up to 4,000 German and Romanian soldiers were destroyed by the division’s fighters, about 200 were taken prisoner.
On March 6, 1943, he commanded the 32nd Guards Rifle Division on the North Caucasus Front, but two weeks later he was promoted to promotion, having been appointed commander of the 21st Rifle Corps on March 21. On April 25, 1943, he was appointed commander of the 3rd Mountain Rifle Corps, which led successful military operations as part of the North Caucasus Front and the Separate Primorsky Army. The corps troops under the command of A.A. Luchinsky distinguished themselves in the Novorossiysk-Taman operation, and during the Crimean operation in April 1944 freed the city of Yalta and participated in the storming of Sevastopol. March 10, 1944 was wounded at the Kerch bridgehead, until April 17 was in the hospital. Then he again took command of the 3rd Mountain Rifle Corps. From May 1944, Lieutenant General A.A. Luchinsky commanded the 28th Army, which was part of the 1st Belorussian and, from September 1944, the 3rd Belorussian Fronts. Army troops distinguished themselves in the Belorussian, Gumbinnen-Goldap, East Prussian operations, carried out the liquidation of the German group of forces south-west of Koenigsberg.
By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 19, 1945 “For skillful command and control of troops in the East Prussian operation and courage and bravery shown at the same time”, lieutenant general Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Luchinsky was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
During the Berlin offensive, the 28th Army, acting as part of the 1st Ukrainian Front (from April 20, 1945), takes part in the encirclement of the enemy’s Berlin group and its defeat south-east of Berlin, and then in the Prague operation.
After the war, he continued to command the same army. He died on December 25, 1990 in Moscow. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.