LYASHCHENKO NIKOLAY GRIGORYEVICH
an army general, a participant in World War II, Hero of the Soviet Union (April 10, 1990)
He was born on May 3, 1910, at Zima Station in Irkutsk Region, a city in present-day Irkutsk Oblast. Russian. He was the son of a blacksmith. In 1917 he moved with his family to Kyrgyzstan. He lived in Przhevalsk (now Karakol).
He joined the Red Army in October 1929 and was sent to study at the United Central Asian Military School of V.I.Lenin in Tashkent, graduating in 1932.
From 1932 he served in the 217th Rifle Regiment of the 73rd Rifle Division of the Siberian Military District (Omsk).
major Lyashchenko took part in the battles of World War II from the earliest days. In August-September 1941 he took part in the defense of Dnepropetrovsk, his regiment was the last to leave the city and blew up the Dnieper bridge, then took part in defense operations in Tiraspol-Melitopol and Donbass, in offensive operations in Barvenkovo-Lozovo.
Participated in breaking the siege of Leningrad. He was lightly wounded in March 1942 and concussed in July 1942.
March 3, 1943 – Commander of the 73rd Marine Brigade of the Leningrad Front. From May 29, 1943 until the end of the war, he commanded the 90th Infantry Division in the 2nd Infantry Army on the Leningrad and 2nd Belorussian fronts. In January 1944, the division took part in Operation Leningrad-Novgorod, during which broke through the German defenses by striking the platsdarm Oraniyenbaum, squeezing the siege ring and liberating the towns of Ropsha and Gatchina.
In June 1944, he took part in Operation Viborg, capturing the city of Uuras and storming the fortified city of Vyborg.
In September 1944, the 90th Infantry Division was launched into the Baltics, and Estonia was once again active in liberating the USSR (Operation Tallinn, the division of which not only broke through the German defense, but in the next 10 days covered a distance of almost 300 km conquered by battle and liberated 2 cities and about 300 settlements). In operations in East Prussia, East Pomerania, and Berlin, the division liberated the cities of Pyarnu, Osterode, Gnev, Starogard, Dansig (Gdansk), and Svineemyunde. The last battle of the operation was the landing of the 90th Division on the German coast of the island of Rugen.
Major-General Lyashchenko was nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for breaking through the Oder to Rugen during an operation in Berlin in May 1945 (the division covered 250 km and captured 170 artillery pieces, 850 machine guns and more than 5,000 enemy soldiers).
The presentation was signed by the commander of the 108th cavalry corps V.S.Polenov, approved by the commander of the 2nd Infantry Army I.I.Fedyuninsky, but was not awarded the title of Hero and was awarded the Order of the Red Banner instead.
By the Decree of the President of the USSR of October 4, 1990, General of the Army Nikolay Grigoryevich Lyashchenko was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union “For his courage and heroism in the fight against the Nazi invaders in World War II, 1941-1945.”