MILITARY UNITS FORMED IN UZBEKISTAN. THE BATTLE FLAGS
The History of Battle Flags goes back a long way. In ancient times, in different states, flags were of all kinds and sizes. They were made from hay on the ends of long stalks to fabrics embroidered with precious threads. For the Greeks and Romans, they were only a handle, on top of which a figurine of an animal or bird (wolf, owl, eagle) was attached, and among the Chinese and Indians, a handle with a cloth that had a picture or various symbols
The Battle Flag of a military unit is an official symbol of a military unit, personifies its honor, glory and military traditions, indicates the mission of the military unit and its affiliation.
The battle flag has always been important. Homeland and Honor are two interconnected ideals embodied in a battle flag. Every warrior must sacrifice his life to protect the banner.
The Battle Flag must be always in the military unit and is kept in the area where the military unit is engaged in hostilities. All personnel of the military unit must valiantly defend the Battle Flag during the battle and prevent it from capturing by the enemy.
In case of loss of the Battle Flag, the commander of the military unit and other military personnel will be found guilty of this disgrace and will be sent to a military court, and the military unit will be disbanded.
In exceptional cases, with the immediate danger of the capture of the Battle Flag by the enemy and the absence of a real possibility of his defense and rescue, the Battle Flag must be destroyed by order of the commander of the military unit.
The assault flag of the 150th Rifle order of Kutuzov of 2nd degree of the Idritsa Division of of 79th Rifle corps of the 3rd Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front
Before the Red Army attacked Berlin on April 15, 1945, the Military Council of the 1st Belorussian Front called on the soldiers to seize the capital of Nazi Germany and hoist the Victory Banner on the Reichstag building. In the 3rd strike army (the commander was Colonel General V.I.Kuznetsov), units of which had to fight in the central part of the city and storm the Reichstag building. 9 flags were made according to the number of rifle divisions of the army. The employee of the army house sewed flags and an artist V.Buntov painted emblems. On the night of April 22, these flags on behalf of the Supreme Council of the Army were presented to representatives of the rifle divisions. It was pointed out that the Victory Banner would be the flag that must be hoisted on the Reichstag building. The Flag of № 5 was awarded to the representative of the 150th Infantry Division, commanded by Major General V.M. Shatilov.
The battle order of the commander of the 79th Rifle Corps, the task of mastering the Reichstag was assigned to the 756th and 674th Rifle Regiments, which were supposed to storm the front of the Reichstag. From the north Reichstag attacked the 380th Infantry Regiment of the 171st Infantry Division. The commander of the 756th Infantry Regiment, Colonel F.M.Zinchenko was ordered to establish the Red Flag of the Military Council of the 3rd Shock Army at the highest point of the Reichstag. Under the leadership of the Lieutenant A.P.Birch bark scouts sergeant M.A.Yegorov and Junior Sergeant M.V.Kantaria at the third hour of the night in Berlin time on May 1 on the eastern side of the building on the equestrian sculpture of Emperor Wilhelm was hoisted the Red Flag of the Military Council of the Army, to which fate had prepared a mission of going down in history as the Victory Banner. On the afternoon of May 2, Sergeant M.A.Yegorov and Junior Sergeant M.V.Kantaria by order of the regiment commander F.M.Zinchenko carried the Red flag of № 5 of the Military Council of the Army to the dome of the Reichstag. Solemn seeing-offs of the Banner of Victory to Moscow took place on the morning of June 20, 1945, at the Tempelhof airfield in Berlin. The Victory Banner was delivered to Moscow on a Li-2 aircraft by a pilot of Senior Lieutenant P.Zhilkin, On May 9, 1965, the Victory Banner was first carried at a military parade on Red Square. Currently, the original Victory Banner is stored in the Central Museum of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.